The Word of God
2Ti 3:16 ESV
(16) All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
2Ti 3:16 NLT
(16) All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. It straightens us out and teaches us to do what is right.
All Scripture is:
- God breathed – with all that that entails as to accurateness, reliability and trustworthiness.
- Profitable – No section or book of the bible is “unprofitable” – all is useful to us.
G2315 – God breathed
theopneustos; from G2316 and G4154; God-breathed, i.e. inspired by God: – inspired by God (1).
Is given by inspiration of God – All this is expressed in the original by one word – Θεόπνευστος Theopneustos. This word occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. It properly means, God-inspired – from Θεός Theos, “God,” and πνέω pneō, “to breathe, to breathe out.” The idea of “breathing upon, or breathing into the soul,” is that which the word naturally conveys. Thus, God breathed into the nostrils of Adam the breath of life Gen_2:7, and thus the Saviour breathed on his disciples, and said, “receive ye the Holy Ghost;” Joh_20:22. The idea seems to have been, that the life was in the breath, and that an intelligent spirit was communicated with the breath. Barnes
Historic Protestantism accepts the Scripture as the only written revelation of God. It is inspired, or “God-breathed” (2 Tim. 3:16), distinguishing it from all other words. As a result, the Scriptures are infallible and true in all that they affirm. They are sufficient, containing everything that is necessary to know for salvation and eternal life. They are clear, so that a person without special preparation can understand what God requires without the intervention of an official interpreter.
New Geneva study Bible
Sola Scriptura – only the Scriptures is the clarion cry of the Protestant Reformation (along with Sola Fide – only faith) – that is, the Christian believer needs no other writing or teacher other than the Scriptures themselves and the Holy Spirit. It isn’t necessary for some ecclesiastical council to tell us what Scripture means. That Scripture itself is sufficient – means we need no other “sacred writings, visions, dreams” to teach us. The Scriptures alone are sufficient.
G1319 – doctrine
instruction (the function or the information): – doctrine, learning, teaching.
Scripture is sufficient to build sound doctrine – it is not necessary to have other texts. It is the wise man who bases his doctrine on what the bible says rather than the latest popular teaching.
G1650 – reproof
From G1651; proof, conviction: – evidence, reproof.
for reproof; of errors and heresies; this is the sword of the Spirit, which cuts all down. There never was, nor is, nor can be any error or heresy broached in the world, but there is a sufficient refutation of it in the Scriptures; which may be profitably used for that purpose, as it often has been by Christ and his apostles, and others since in all ages: Gill
G1882 – correction
From a compound of G1909 and G461; a straightening up again, that is, (figuratively) rectification (reformation): – correction.
Note: we get our word “orthotics” from the root Greek word here. Orthotics are corrective devices like splints and braces.
Again, the word is profitable for correction. It not only points out what is wrong but sets forth the way in which it can be made right. For instance, the Scriptures not only say, “Let him who stole steal no longer,” but add, “Rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give to him who has need.” The first part of the verse might be considered as reproof, whereas the second part is correction.Believer’s Bible Commentary
G3809 – instruction
From G3811; tutorage, that is, education or training; by implication disciplinary correction: – chastening, chastisement, instruction, nurture.
What is the difference between teaching and instruction? The difference is best illustrated by a teacher vs. a coach or medical school vs. residency. In the first we are taught theories – in the latter we are taught how to implement those theories. Both are necessary to learning.
In closing let us consider the words of Matthew Henry:
There is no occasion for the writings of the philosopher, nor for rabbinical fables, nor popish legends, nor unwritten traditions, to make us perfect men of God, since the scripture answers all these ends and purposes. O that we may love our Bibles more, and keep closer to them than ever! And then shall we find the benefit and advantage designed thereby, and shall at last attain the happiness therein promised and assured to us. Matthew Henry